HMS Lancaster, HMS Westminster and RFA Tiderace are in the Baltic Sea, leading a task group of warships from the international Joint Expeditionary Force.
There is a growing conventional threat to the UK mainland that has received little attention and for which there is very limited defence. Adversaries are increasing cruise missile numbers and capabilities. Air and surface-launched missiles would be difficult to counter but submarine-launched cruise missiles are particularly potent. Here we consider the threat and how the UK could respond.
Exercise Formidable Shield 2019 (FS19) has been underway off Scotland during the past two weeks. This was a live-fire integrated air and missile defence (IAMD) exercise designed to test NATO warships response to conventional and ballistic missile attacks.
In this photo essay we witness an amphibious night raid conducted during the early phases of exercise Joint Warrior.